Data from: Multi-scale habitat modeling identifies spatial conservation priorities for mainland clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa)

Macdonald D, Bothwell H, Kaszta Z, Ash E, Bolongon G, Burnham D, Can O, Campos-Arceiz A, Channa P, Clements G, Hearn A, Hedges L, Htun S, Kamler J, Kawanishi K, Macdonald E, Mohamad S, Moore J, Naing H, Onuma M, Penjor U, Rasphone A, Rayan D, Ross J, Singh P, Tan C, Wadey J, Yadav B, Cushman S

Date Published: September 6, 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.d7d7b2t

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Title % Closed Forest 16km-radius Window
Downloaded 2 times
Description Using Hansen et al.’s (2013) original percent forest cover layer (http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest/download_v1.2.html), we reclassified >40% forest cover as ‘closed forest’. We then used FRAGSTATS (McGarigal, Cushman, Neel, & Ene, 2012) to calculate the percentage of the landscape occupied by closed forest habitat within a 16km-radius moving window. The data is in raster .tif format for use in GIS. We resampled the source data from its native 30m resolution to 250m resolution. Coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download CF_PLAND_16000.tif (55.09 Mb)
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Title Shrubland/Grassland Correlation Length 16km-radius Window
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Description Original data for this GIS raster layer was obtained from the ESA CCI Land Cover Layer 300m 2015 (www.esa-landcover-cci.org). We first reclassified the original data layer, denoting shrubland/grassland as present (1) or absent (0). We then used FRAGSTATS (McGarigal, Cushman, Neel, & Ene, 2012) to calculate the correlation length or area-weighted mean of gyration within a 16km-radius moving window. Correlation length measures the average distance an individual can travel within a habitat patch, or in this case the average extensiveness of shrubland/grassland habitat within a 16km-radius window. We re-sampled the source data from its native 300m resolution to 250m. Units are in meters. Coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download SHG_GYRATE_16000.tif (233.3 Mb)
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Title Compound Topographic Index Focal Mean 500m-radius Window
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Description This GIS raster was derived from Jarvis, Reuter, Nelson, & Guevara's (2008) digital elevation model (http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org) using the Geomorphometry & Gradient Metrics Toolbox (Evans, Oakleaf, Cushman, & Theobald, 2014) in ArcGIS 10.2.2 (ESRI, Redlands, CA, USA, 2011). Compound topographic index (CTI) characterizes flow accumulation. Low elevation drainages incur high CTI, whereas mountaintops and ridgelines exhibit low CTI. We then used neighborhood statistics in ArcGIS to calculate the focal mean within a 500m-radius moving window. We re-sampled the native 90m resolution DEM to 250m. Coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download CTI_FM_500.tif (1.233 Gb)
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Title % Mosaic Cropland & Native Vegetation 1km-radius Window
Downloaded 1 time
Description Original data for this GIS raster was obtained from the ESA CCI Land Cover Layer 300m 2015 (www.esa-landcover-cci.org). We first reclassified the original data layer, denoting mosaic cropland and native vegetation habitat as present (1) or absent (0). We then used FRAGSTATS (McGarigal, Cushman, Neel, & Ene, 2012) to calculate the percent of the landscape occupied by mosaic habitat within a 1km-radius moving window. We re-sampled the source data from its native 300m resolution to 250m. Coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download Mosaic_PLAND_1000.tif (48.45 Mb)
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Title Protected Area Correlation Length 8km-radius Window
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Description Data for this GIS raster layer was obtained from the IUCN & UNEP-WCMC 2017 World Database on Protected Areas (http://www.protectedplanet.net/). We first reclassified the original data layer, denoting protected status as present (1) or absent (0). We then used FRAGSTATS (McGarigal, Cushman, Neel, & Ene, 2012) to calculate the correlation length or area-weighted mean of gyration within an 8km-radius moving window. Here correlation length measures the average distance an animal could travel within protected areas within an 8km-radius window. Data are at 250m resolution; units are in meters. Coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download PA_GYRATE_8000.tif (79.93 Mb)
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Title Mean Annual Precipitation Focal Mean 32km-radius Window
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Description Data for this GIS raster layer was obtained from the WorldClim Global Climate Data Portal (http://worldclim.org/version2). We then used neighborhood statistics in ArcGIS to calculate the focal mean of MAP within a 32km-radius moving window. We re-sampled the source data from its native 30-arcsec resolution (~1km) to 250m. Units are in millimeters of precipitation. Coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download MAP_FM_32000.tif (1.233 Gb)
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Title Mainland Clouded Leopard Habitat Suitability Model - 4 Thresholds
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Description The zip file contains four GIS raster layers representing a range of thresholds of the mainland clouded leopard habitat suitability model. Layers include 50th, 75th, 90th, and 97.5th percentiles of the multi-scale GLMM. Suitable habitat is classified as 1; all habitat below a specified threshold is classified as 0. Raster resolution: 250m; coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download CL_GLMM_thresholds.zip (6.477 Mb)
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Title Mainland Clouded Leopard Habitat Suitability Model - Continuous
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Description This GIS raster layer is the projected multi-scale habitat suitability model for the mainland clouded leopard, based on beta coefficients of the GLMM and a mean of 79.47 camera trap nights averaged across all camera stations. Model projection units are number of clouded leopard observations predicted across multivariate niche space, given 79.47 active camera trap nights. Thus the specific output value is of little importance; the model output should rather be interpreted on a relative scale. Habitat >4000m elevation was reclassified as non-suitable and assigned the lowest model output value. Resolution: 250m; coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download CL_GLMM_continuous.tif (404.3 Mb)
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Title Top 28 High Quality Habitat Patches for the Mainland Clouded Leopard
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Description This GIS raster layer contains the top 28 patches of high quality habitat for the mainland clouded leopard, based on the 90th percentile threshold of the habitat suitability model. We identified and ranked all habitat patches >1000km2, based on descending habitat area. Table S8 in the Supplementary Information file associated with Macdonald et al. (2019) provides additional information for each habitat patch, including associated protected areas, mean correlation length within each patch, and percent of patch area designated as protected. Resolution: 500m; coordinate system: Asia South Albers Equal Area Conic.
Download CL_HS_3classes_Top28_PATCHES.tif (305.1 Mb)
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When using this data, please cite the original publication:

Macdonald D, Bothwell H, Kaszta Z, Ash E, Bolongon G, Burnham D, Can O, Campos-Arceiz A, Channa P, Clements G, Hearn A, Hedges L, Htun S, Kamler J, Kawanishi K, Macdonald E, Mohamad S, Moore J, Naing H, Onuma M, Penjor U, Rasphone A, Rayan D, Ross J, Singh P, Tan C, Wadey J, Yadav B, Cushman S (2019) Multi-scale habitat modeling identifies spatial conservation priorities for mainland clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa). Diversity and Distributions. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12967

Additionally, please cite the Dryad data package:

Macdonald D, Bothwell H, Kaszta Z, Ash E, Bolongon G, Burnham D, Can O, Campos-Arceiz A, Channa P, Clements G, Hearn A, Hedges L, Htun S, Kamler J, Kawanishi K, Macdonald E, Mohamad S, Moore J, Naing H, Onuma M, Penjor U, Rasphone A, Rayan D, Ross J, Singh P, Tan C, Wadey J, Yadav B, Cushman S (2019) Data from: Multi-scale habitat modeling identifies spatial conservation priorities for mainland clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa). Dryad Digital Repository. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.d7d7b2t
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